Difference between HTML VS XML Which One Better

Difference between HTML VS XML  

What is HTML?

HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is the markup language used for creating your own web pages or websites. A HTML document can be stored with the extension of .HTML or .HTM. HTML is very simple to learn, any type of code editor can be used to edit the HTML code (for example Notepad, VS Code, Atom, Sublime Text, Notepad++  etc.). Likewise, any browser allows executing the HTML code.

HTML 5 is the latest version of HTML.

Difference between HTML vs XML


What is XML?

XML (extensible Markup Language) is the markup language designed to store the data. Also used for transferring data. A XML document can be save with the extension of .xml. XML is a case sensitive language.

HTML is a hypertext markup language.XML is an extensible markup language.
HTML focuses on presentation of data.2. XML focuses on transferring of data.
3. It is a case insensitive language.It is a case sensitive language.
HTML has predefined tags.4. XML does not have predefined tags.
In HTML it is not necessary to use a closing tag.In XML it is mandatory to use a closing tag.
It is static as it is used to display data.It is dynamic as it is used to transfer the data.
The extension used is .html or .htm.The extension used is .xml
Difference between HTML vs XML

Features of HTML and Xml

  • HTML is easy to learn and easy to use.
  • With the help of HTML, images and audio\video can be added to the web pages.
  • HTML is a platform independent markup language.
  • It gives more flexible way to design web pages.
  • HTML provides some features to add links, graphics etc. to the web page to make it more interactive.
  • Allows displaying data in tabular format.

Features of XML

  • XML is also a markup language much like HTML.
  • XML does not provide any built-in (predefined) tags. You need to define your own tags.
  • XML was designed to describe or carry data and not to display the data.
  • XML uses a DTD(Document Type Definition) format to describe data.

Advantages of HTML & XML

Advantages of HTML

  • Using HTML it’s easy to create webpages.
  • The HTML documents are small and hence easy to send over web.
  • It is user friendly.
  • It does not require high maintenance and provides fast page loading.
  • The HTML code can run in any browser.
  • The syntax is very easy to learn and use.

Advantages of XML

  • XML keeps the data separate from the presentation(i.e. HTML)
  • It can be used on both client and server.
  • XML is plain text (text-based) and human readable.
  • The XML document takes less space.
  • The XML documents can be customized and the parts can be reused.

Disadvantages of HTML & XML

Disadvantages of HTML

  • HTML will help to create only static and plain pages and not dynamic pages.
  • It needs lot of code to make a simple webpage.
  • HTML lacks in providing security features.
  • The long code of HTML creates more complexity.
  • HTML is not reusable.


Disadvantages of XML

  • XML cannot handle very large amount of data.
  • The XML document containing large amount of information is difficult to read.
  • The syntax is redundant in nature.
  • It requires a processing application.

Difference Between html vs xml

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